Miyajima Wo-1 Handmade Artisanal Tube Preamplifier



Wo-1 is a high-end pre-amp of Miyajima-Lab.
This amplifier does not have volume resistance.
This amplifier coordinates volume by gain of the amplifier.
The phonopermission input is 1,800mV.
It is approximately 5 times of the conventional high quality vacuum tube amplifier.
The output impedance is 1,900 Ω. (plate follower)

Watt of the output is approximately 10 times of the general amplifier.
Wo-1 has a current meter to fine-tune the balance of the vacuum tube.
A phono is 2 circuits, and this amplifier can change input impedance.

The vacuum tube of the equalizer is
EF86 and 6BX7-1/2.
The volume circuit is 12AU7 and 6SN7.
The Output circuit is 6BX7-1/2.
Wo-1 uses a big power supply transformer
and four chalk transformers.

The design of Wo-1 is simple and bold.
Because all wiring is handmade,
the amplifier is longer life.

Reason for making Wo-1
Forty years ago when I began making vacuum tube amps, when I designed the preamplifier equalizer circuit I learned an inexplicable reality.
At that time, I was investigating the very expensive and famous Macintosh C – 22 and Marantz # 7.
The output of the cartridge rarely exceed 100 mV.
The equalizer circuit of these two preamps distorts even if it calculates how much.
I was still immature in those days.
The two equalizer amplifiers are not distorted by the NFB.
At the time, these two amps were representative amps with good sound.
The reason for good sound is the size of the allowable input of the equalizer amplifier section.

When the average of other amplifiers was 100 to 300 mV, the Macintosh C – 22 was 390 mV and the Marantz # 7 was 370 mV.* What is NFB? (The complete explanation will be long, so I will briefly explain the NFB here)
It is a circuit that cancels distortion and noise by feeding back a signal opposite to the circuit.

Distortion and noise are eliminated, the frequency characteristics are greatly extended, and it can be shown to a very excellent amplifier on the data.
In general amplifiers, NFB is used favorably, but when used with a large numerical value, the sound quality obviously deteriorates.
To design a real amp, you need high technology and expensive parts that do not depend on NFB.

I made up my mind.
“Make an equalizer amplifier that does not distort even without NFB”
I think that adding NFB to a distortion-free amplifier has no problem, but I thought that even if NFB was added strongly to a distorted amplifier, good sound would not come out.
However, considering common sense, there is a limit to increasing permissible input by all means.
The answer that arrived at the end of trial and error is to change the equalizer circuit to a circuit like a power amplifier.

I chose a vacuum tube that I never used in preamplifiers and I changed the impossible to possible.
The completed preamplifier did not distort even if it exceeded 100 mV.
After that, I added the necessary NFB.
And an equalizer amplifier with an allowable input of 2000 mV has been completed.
Currently, the allowable input of the equalizer amplifier of Wo – 1 is adjusted slightly and it is used at 1800 mV.

Wo-1 has further improved from there.
It is natural to use good parts to make a good amp, but to make it even better it is important to omit useless parts.
In the design of the amplifier, the sound quality is better if the capacitor and the resistance are less in the conductor through which the music signal passes.
There is no problem with a certain number of capacitors, but resistance has to be omitted.

Among them, the most influential one is the resistance of the volume.
The sound signal loses 50% to 80% of energy by this volume resistance.
Also, the volume resistance greatly increases the impedance of the amplifier.
Even if you use high quality resistors for volume, the sound quality will not be solved.
In September 1997, I tried to eliminate the resistance of the volume.
I thought of adjusting the volume by changing the gain of the amplifier, and Wo-1 was completed in 1999.

Wo-1 has been further improved by 2014.
The amplification of this amplifier is 0 times to about 45 times.
The meter of the front panel is attached to manage the precise operation of the vacuum tube of this part.
In the circuit of Wo – 1, there is no resistance in the conductor through which the signal passes.

Wo-1 has another feature.
The output of a general high-end vacuum tube preamplifier uses a cathode follower circuit of a voltage amplifying tube (low power).
It is output with apparent low impedance (less energy due to 100% NFB), but in the Wo-1 2014 model, an output tube (high power) is used to lower the output impedance.
It outputs music signals with high energy of the plate follower circuit while maintaining the frequency characteristics.
As for what this means, most of the general preamplifier pretends as a good quality low impedance preamplifier.

Wo-1 is a genuine low impedance that is not a pretense.
In order to make Wo-1 you need technology and quantity that can not be thought of with normal pre – amps.
The sound quality feels a sense of transparency, speed, volume, sense of force, space and makes me think of the reproduction of live performance, but since it is an amplifier I made by myself, I will refrain from the impression here.
However, if you understand the essence of the design, I think you can understand that this preamplifier naturally has the best sound quality beyond common sense.

Currently, Miyajima Laboratory’s products are exporting overseas, so when we sell amps overseas we need to adapt the standards of parts used to the world standards.
I am using a black tubular black cat capacitor in the circuit picture of WO – 1, but it is unknown whether RoHS of European standard is compatible for now.
When adding the CE mark to the amplifier, we are considering changing this capacitor. All other parts are RoHS compliant.

About the CE mark of the amplifier
Since we are small manufacturers, we are short of information.
We are making an effort to acquire the CE mark, so please wait for a while.
Miyajima Lab 2010 OTL amp is our flagship amp which is lust rolled out.
Yet Miyajima Lab has been working on OTL’s more than 30 years and is confident of our products, there are many safety standards we have to comply with in each geographic area, at this moment the 2010’s can be shipped to the customers in Japan and also in the United States. We need time for the acquisition of the CE mark.

Brand Background:

Noriyuki Miyajima has had a love of music forever, first as a hobby, then as a specialist dealer and more recently as a manufacturer. Using real wood, diamonds and delicate coils, Noriyuki prides himself on honesty.


Single Owner

Amplifier Recommendation:



RCA Analog Inputs and outputs throughout. IEC Power Cord. 

General Sound:

Big beautiful musical sound with little fatigue.  

Cosmetic Condition:

7 - Some Wear and Light Scratches


Working Condition:

Working perfectly and tested in our lab.


Just the unit and power cord


Will be packed using our highly developed in-house process and custom packing materials.

Original MSRP:



Approx D460 x W480 x H175 mm (including terminals)


40 lbs.



Recommended Cables:

Kimber Kable - RCA Interconnects - Better

Kimber Kable - RCA Interconnects - Best

Kimber Kable - Phono Interconnects - Better

Kimber Kable - Flagship Tonearm Interconnects - Best

Kimber Kable - Power Cords - Better

Kimber Kable - Power Cords - Best

Testing Process:

We start with a visual inspection of all internal components to make sure that there are no signs of heat stress or damage. Capacitors are checked for telltale signs of predictive failure including bulging, shrunken wrappers, or physical leakage. We also inspect the PCBs for discoloration from resistors or transistors that may have been running hot. On vintage units we often spot check select capacitors for value and ESR.

When we first power on a preamplifier we connect its RCA output to a Sencore PA81 Power Analyzer which simulates real world loading conditions and gives us an oscilloscope interface. The first order of business is checking that the volume control works smoothly throughout its entire range with acceptable channel balance. This is accomplished by feeding a 1KHz sine wave into one of the preamp’s line level inputs while monitoring the preamp’s output on an oscilloscope. We then switch to a 1KHz square wave to test the tone controls, loudness function, and filters where applicable. During this step we are watching for equal alteration of the test signal by both channels. This also helps us identify dirty controls that will need treatment. Once the basic line stage functions are verified, we test each input individually. This is especially important for devices that use relays to select their sources. If the preamp is equipped with a phono stage we test that as well. We use an inverse RIAA filter which allows us to feed a reference test signal into the phono input with the proper RIAA equalization and level. A square wave or sine sweep is used to verify that the device’s phono stage is faithfully reproducing the RIAA curve. If the preamp under test has balanced inputs and/or outputs these are tested as well.

We finish up our bench testing with a listening test with our bench amplifier and reference speakers. During this test we check for hum or hiss that may not have shown up in earlier testing. We also check that all of the tone controls and filters perform as expected. If the preamplifier has remote control functions these are also tested. Preamps with tube circuits or complicated power supply topologies are connected at our long term test rig for extended stress testing under real world conditions.


Vintage vacuum tube: E80F or EF86 x2, 6BX7 x2, 12AU7 x2, 6SN7 x2
Transformer: Power supply custom order x 1, choke transformer x 4
Input impedance: PHONO A-47KΩ, B-620 / 15K / 30K / 47K / 68K / 100KΩ
Input terminal: PHONO A, PHONO B, TUNER, CD, AUX-1, AUX-2
Output impedance: 1.9kΩ (plate follower)
Output terminal: OUTPUT A, OUTPUT B, REC
PHONO allowable input: 1,800mV (1,000Hz)
Maximum input sensitivity: PHONO 1.8mV (at output 1V), AUX 21.3mV (at output 1V)
Gain: PHONO amplifier about 38 times (1kHz), sending amplifier 0 times to about 47 times (maximum)
AUX frequency characteristics: Approximately 5 to 700,000Hz (-2dB)

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